Comparison of Benefits and Harms of 3 Controversial Cancer Tests

Expected Outcomes When 1,000 Men Aged 55-69 Years are Screened With Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Every 1-4 Years for 10 Years
100-120 men will have at least 1 false-positive result.
110 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer.
29 men will develop erectile dysfunction as a result of treatment.
18 men will develop urinary incontinence as a result of treatment.
0-1 deaths from prostate cancer will be prevents.

Source: Adapted from the 2012 US Preventative Service task Force recommendation statement [10].